C program to find ones complement of a binary number

Write a C program to input binary number from user and find ones complement of binary number using loop. How to find 1s complement of a binary number in C programming. Logic to find ones complement of binary number in C programming.

Example

Input

Input binary number: 01000011

Output

Ones complement: 10111100

Required knowledge

Basic C programming, If else, For loop, String

What is Ones complement?

Ones complement of a binary number is defined as value obtained by inverting all binary bits. It is the result of swapping all 1s to 0s and all 0s to 1s.

Ones complement of binary value

Logic to find ones complement of a number

Step by step logic to find ones complement of binary number.

  1. Input a binary string from user. Store it in a variable say binary.
  2. Run a loop from 1 to length of binary string, increment 1 in each iteration. The loop structure should look like for(i=0; i<SIZE; i++) (where SIZE is the length of binary digit).
  3. Inside loop there are two possibilities -
    • Print 0 for each 1 binary bit i.e. if(binary[i] == '1').
    • Print 1 for each 0 binary bit i.e. if(binary[i] == '0').

Program to find ones complement of a number

/**
 * C program to find 1s complement of a binary number
 */

#include <stdio.h>

#define SIZE 8

int main()
{
    char binary[SIZE + 1], onesComp[SIZE + 1];
    int i, error=0;

    printf("Enter %d bit binary value: ", SIZE);
    
    /* Input binary string from user */
    gets(binary);

    /* Store all inverted bits of binary value to onesComp */
    for(i=0; i<SIZE; i++)
    {
        if(binary[i] == '1')
        {
            onesComp[i] = '0';
        }
        else if(binary[i] == '0')
        {
            onesComp[i] = '1';
        }
        else
        {
            printf("Invalid Input");
            error = 1;

            /* Exits from loop */
            break;
        }
    }

    /* Marks the end of onesComp string */
    onesComp[SIZE] = '\0';

    /* Check if there are binary string contains no error */
    if(error == 0)
    {
        printf("Original binary = %s\n", binary);
        printf("Ones complement = %s", onesComp);
    }

    return 0;
}

Output

Enter any 8 bit binary value: 00001111
Original binary = 00001111
Ones complement = 11110000

Happy coding 😉

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