Category Archives: C programming

Variable length arguments (var-args) in C

In the journey of learning C functions, we learned many concepts related to functions. We learned to define our own function, passing arguments to a function, returning value from a function, recursive function etc. In this chapter, I will talk something interesting about passing variable length arguments to a function.

Have you ever wondered how functions like printf() and scanf() works? As they readily accept any number of arguments passed. You can say -

printf("Learning at Codeforwin");                // Single argument
printf("Codeforwin was founded in %d", 2015);    // Two arguments
printf("Today is %d-%d-%d", 19, 9, 2017);        // Four arguments

In real you can pass n number of arguments to printf(), but how it works?

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C program to print hollow square star pattern with diagonal

Write a C program to print hollow square star pattern with diagonal using loops. How to print hollow square star pattern with diagonals in C program. Logic to print hollow square star pattern with diagonal in C programming.


Enter number of rows: 5


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Recursion in C programming

Recursion is expressing an entity in terms of itself. In C programming, recursion is achieved using functions known as recursive function. Recursive functions are very powerful in solving and expressing complex mathematical problems.

Until now, we called a function from another function. However, C language allows a function to call itself known as Recursive function.

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Function arguments in C – Call by value and Call by reference

Function arguments are the inputs passed to a function. A function must declare variables to accept passed arguments. A variable that accepts function argument is known as function parameter.

In programming function argument is commonly referred as actual parameter and function parameter is referred as formal parameter. I will be using these words interchangeably throughout this series of C programming tutorial.

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Functions in C programming

A function is a collection of statements grouped together to do some specific task. In series of learning C programming, we already used many functions unknowingly. Functions such as - printf(), scanf(), sqrt(), pow() or the most important the main() function. Every C program has at least one function i.e. the main() function.

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Infinite loops in C – Use and Debugging

Infinite loop is a looping construct that iterates forever. In programming life either intentionally or unintentionally, you come across an infinite loop. Generally a program in an infinite loop either produces continuous output or does nothing. Infinite loops are also known as indefinite or endless loop.

As a novice programmer, you must know how to debug an infinite loop. As an intermediate programmer you must know how and when to use infinite loop. Let us first learn when to use infinite loop and how to define.

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goto statement in C

goto is a jump statement used to transfer program control unconditionally from one part of a function to another. I have used the word unconditionally because there is no restriction on control transfer. You can transfer program control from one position to any position within a function. Many programmers uses goto to gain full control on their program.

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