C program to find reverse of array

Write a C program to input elements in array and find reverse of array. How to find reverse of array in C programming. Logic to find reverse of array in C program.

Example

Input

Input array elements: 10, 5, 16, 35, 500

Output

Array elements after reverse: 500, 35, 16, 5, 10

Required knowledge

Basic Input Output, For loop, While loop, Array

There are various ways to reverse an array. Here I will explain the basic three algorithms to reverse a given array. First the simplest and easiest one, so that ever beginner can get what I am up to.

Logic to print array in reverse order

This algorithm in real does not produces a reversed array. Instead it just prints array in reverse order. If you are looking to reverse the elements then skip to next logic. So here goes step by step descriptive logic to print array in reverse order.

  1. Input size and elements in array from user. Store it in some variable say size and arr.
  2. Run a loop from size - 1 to 0 in decremented style. The loop structure should look like for(i=size-1; i>=0; i--).
  3. Inside loop print current array element i.e. arr[i].

Program to print array in reverse

/**
 * C program to print array in reverse order
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#define MAX_SIZE 100      // Defines maximum size of array

int main()
{
    int arr[MAX_SIZE];
    int size, i;

    /* Input size of array */
    printf("Enter size of the array: ");
    scanf("%d", &size);

    /* Input array elements */
    printf("Enter elements in array: ");
    for(i=0; i<size; i++)
    {
        scanf("%d", &arr[i]);
    }

    /*
     * Print array in reversed order
     */
    printf("\nArray in reverse order: ");
    for(i = size-1; i>=0; i--)
    {
        printf("%d\t", arr[i]);
    }

    return 0;
}

Logic to find reverse of array

The above program prints array in reversed order. It does not reverses array. Here I am writing first basic logic to reverse array. It uses above approach to access array element in reverse and copy it to a new reverse array. Which means last element of original array becomes the first element for reverse array.

Step by step descriptive logic to reverse an array.

  1. Input size and elements in an array. Store it in some variable say size and arr respectively.
  2. Declare another array that will store reversed array elements of original array with same size, say reverse[size].
  3. Initialize two variables that will keep track of original and reverse array. Here we will access original array from last and reverse array from first. Hence, initialize arrIndex = size - 1 and revIndex = 0.
  4. Run loop from size - 1 to 0 in decremented style. The loop structure should look like while(arrIndex >= 0).
  5. Inside loop copy original array to reverse array i.e. reverse [revIndex] = arr[arrIndex];.
  6. After copy, increment revIndex and decrement arrIndex.
  7. Finally after loop print reverse array.

Program to find reverse of array

/**
 * C program to find reverse of array
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#define MAX_SIZE 100       // Maximum array size

int main()
{
    int arr[MAX_SIZE], reverse[MAX_SIZE];
    int size, i, arrIndex, revIndex;

    /* Input size of the array */
    printf("Enter size of the array: ");
    scanf("%d", &size);

    /* Input array elements */
    printf("Enter elements in array: ");
    for(i=0; i<size; i++)
    {
        scanf("%d", &arr[i]);
    }

    revIndex = 0;
    arrIndex = size - 1;
    while(arrIndex >= 0)
    {
        /* Copy value from original array to reverse array */
        reverse[revIndex] = arr[arrIndex];
        
        revIndex++;
        arrIndex--;
    }

    /*
     * Print the reversed array
     */
    printf("\nReversed array : ");
    for(i=0; i<size; i++)
    {
        printf("%d\t", reverse[i]);
    }

    return 0;
}

The above method is easy to write and understand for beginners. However, unknowingly we are wasting some memory to store reverse array. You can also reverse the given array without using another array.

Logic to reverse array without using another array

Logic to reverse array without using another array relies on above logic. What we need to do is maintain two array indexes. First arrIndex that moves from size - 1 to 0. Second revIndex that moves from 0 to size - 1. Now instead of copying values to a reverse array, swap value of array at arrIndex and revIndex indexes. This will reverse the entire array.

Important note: While swapping array elements do ensure that revIndex must not cross arrIndex.

Learn more how to reverse array using pointers.

Program to reverse array without using another array

/**
 * C program to reverse an array without using second array
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#define MAX_SIZE 100      // Maximum array size

int main()
{
    int arr[MAX_SIZE];
    int size, i, arrIndex, revIndex;
    int temp; // Used for swapping 

    /* Input size of the array */
    printf("Enter size of the array: ");
    scanf("%d", &size);

    /* Input array elements */
    printf("Enter elements in array: ");
    for(i=0; i<size; i++)
    {
        scanf("%d", &arr[i]);
    }

    revIndex = 0;
    arrIndex = size - 1;
    while(revIndex < arrIndex)
    {
        /* Copy value from original array to reverse array */
        temp = arr[revIndex];
        arr[revIndex] = arr[arrIndex];
        arr[arrIndex] = temp;
        
        revIndex++;
        arrIndex--;
    }

    /*
     * Print reversed array
     */
    printf("\nReversed array : ");
    for(i=0; i<size; i++)
    {
        printf("%d\t", arr[i]);
    }

    return 0;
}

Learn more about program to find reverse of number.

Output

Enter size of the array: 5
Enter elements in array: 10 5 16 35 500

Reversed array : 500      35      16      5      10

Happy coding 😉

About Pankaj

Pankaj Prakash is the founder, editor and blogger at Codeforwin. He loves to learn new techs and write programming articles especially for beginners. He works at Vasudhaika Software Sols as a Software Design Engineer and manages Codeforwin. In short Pankaj is Web developer, Blogger, Learner, Tech and Music lover.

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