Write a C program to read elements in two matrices and multiply them. Matrix multiplication program in C. How to multiply matrices in C. Logic to multiply two matrices in C programming.

**Example**

**Input**

Input elements of matrix1: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Input elements of matrix2: 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

**Output**

Product of matrices = 30 24 18 84 69 54 138 114 90

## Required knowledge

Basic C programming, For loop, Array

Must know - Program to perform scalar matrix multiplication

### Matrix Multiplication

Two matrices can be multiplied only and only if number of columns in the first matrix is same as number of rows in second matrix. Multiplication of two matrices is defined as -

## Program to multiply two matrices

```
/**
* C program to multiply two matrices
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#define SIZE 3 // Size of the matrix
int main()
{
int A[SIZE][SIZE]; // Matrix 1
int B[SIZE][SIZE]; // Matrix 2
int C[SIZE][SIZE]; // Resultant matrix
int row, col, i, sum;
/* Input elements in first matrix from user */
printf("Enter elements in matrix A of size %dx%d: \n", SIZE, SIZE);
for(row=0; row<SIZE; row++)
{
for(col=0; col<SIZE; col++)
{
scanf("%d", &A[row][col]);
}
}
/* Input elements in second matrix from user */
printf("\nEnter elements in matrix B of size %dx%d: \n", SIZE, SIZE);
for(row=0; row<SIZE; row++)
{
for(col=0; col<SIZE; col++)
{
scanf("%d", &B[row][col]);
}
}
/*
* Multiply both matrices A*B
*/
for(row=0; row<SIZE; row++)
{
for(col=0; col<SIZE; col++)
{
sum = 0;
/*
* Multiply row of first matrix to column of second matrix
* and store sum of product of elements in sum.
*/
for(i=0; i<SIZE; i++)
{
sum += A[row][i] * B[i][col];
}
C[row][col] = sum;
}
}
/* Print product of the matrices */
printf("\nProduct of matrix A * B = \n");
for(row=0; row<SIZE; row++)
{
for(col=0; col<SIZE; col++)
{
printf("%d ", C[row][col]);
}
printf("\n");
}
return 0;
}
```

Output

Enter elements in matrix A of size 3x3: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Enter elements in matrix B of size 3x3: 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Product of matrix A * B = 30 24 18 84 69 54 138 114 90

Happy coding ðŸ˜‰

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