C program to print hollow pyramid (Equilateral triangle) star pattern

Write a C program to print hollow pyramid or hollow equilateral triangle star pattern series using for loop. How to print hollow pyramid star pattern series in C program. Logic to print hollow pyramid star pattern series in C programming.

Example

Input

Input rows: 5

Output

Required knowledge

Basic C programming, If else, For loop, Nested loop

Logic to print hollow pyramid star pattern

The above pattern is similar to pyramid star pattern except of center spaces.

Step by step descriptive logic to print hollow pyramid star pattern.

  1. Input number of rows to print from user. Store it in a variable say rows.
  2. To iterate through rows run an outer loop from 1 to rows. The loop structure should look like for(i=1; i<=rows; i++).
  3. To print spaces, run an inner loop from i to rows - 1. The loop structure should look like for(j=i; j<rows; j++). Inside this loop print single space.
  4. To print star, run another inner loop from 1 to i * 2 - 1. The loop structure should look like for(j=1; j<=(i*2-1); j++). Inside this loop print star for ith or last column or for last row.
  5. After printing all columns of a row, move to next line i.e. print new line.

Program to print hollow pyramid star pattern

/**
 * C program to print hollow pyramid triangle star pattern
 */

#include <stdio.h>

int main()
{
    int i, j, rows;

    /* Input rows to print from user */
    printf("Enter number of rows : ");
    scanf("%d", &rows);

    for(i=1; i<=rows; i++)
    {
        /* Print trailing spaces */
        for(j=i; j<rows; j++)
        {
            printf(" ");
        }

        /* Print hollow pyramid */
        for(j=1; j<=(2*i-1); j++)
        {
            /*
             * Print star for last row (i==rows),
             * first column(j==1) and for
             * last column (j==(2*i-1)).
             */ 
            if(i==rows || j==1 || j==(2*i-1))
            {
                printf("*");
            }
            else
            {
                printf(" ");
            }
        }

        /* Move to next line */
        printf("\n");
    }

    return 0;
}

Output

Enter number of rows: 5
    *
   * *
  *   *
 *     *
*********

Happy coding 😉

About Pankaj

Pankaj Prakash is the founder, editor and blogger at Codeforwin. He loves to learn new techs and write programming articles especially for beginners. He works at Vasudhaika Software Sols as a Software Design Engineer and manages Codeforwin. In short Pankaj is Web developer, Blogger, Learner, Tech and Music lover.

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