## Quick links

Write a C program to input string representation of integer and convert string to `unsigned long`

using `strtoul()`

library function. How to convert string to `unsigned long int`

using `strtoul()`

library function in C programming?

`strtoul()`

library function

`strtoul()`

function is used to convert string representation of integer to `unsigned long int`

type. It is defined in `stdlib.h`

header file.

## Syntax of `strtoul()`

function

`unsigned long int strtoul(const char* str, char** endPtr, int base);`

- It accepts a pointer to constant character
`str`

i.e. string representation of integer. `endPtr`

is a pointer to char pointer. On successful conversion`endPtr`

points to first character after number otherwise is a`NULL`

pointer.`base`

is base of integer to convert i.e.`2`

if`str`

is a binary string or`10`

if it is a decimal string.- On success function returns converted integer as
`unsigned long int`

type and set`endPtr`

to point to character after first number. On failure it returns`0`

and set`endPtr`

to`NULL`

.

Note:The function efficiently handles underflows and overflows. It return`ULONG_MAX`

on overflow and`1`

on underflow.Also see how to find maximum and minimum limit of a data type?

## Example program to use `strtoul()`

function

```
/**
* C program to convert string to unsigned long int using strtoul() library function.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h> // Used for strtoul()
int main()
{
char number[30];
char* endPtr;
unsigned long int bigNumber;
int base;
/* Input string representation of number from user. */
printf("Enter any number: ");
gets(number);
printf("Enter base: ");
scanf("%d", &base);
/* Convert string representation of number to unsigned long */
bigNumber = strtoul(number, &endPtr, base);
/* endPtr points to NULL for failed conversions */
if(*endPtr)
printf("Unable to convert '%s' to base %d.", number, base);
else
printf("Converted unsigned long int = %lu\n", bigNumber);
return 0;
}
```

Note:`%lu`

format specifier is used to print`unsigned long int`

type.

Check list of all format specifiers in C programming.

Output

Enter any number: 2018 Enter base: 10 Converted unsigned long int = 2018 Enter any number: 01001 Enter base: 2 Converted unsigned long int = 9 Enter any number: 056 Enter base: 8 Converted unsigned long int = 46 Enter any number: 2018 Enter base: 10 Converted unsigned long int = 2018 Enter any number: de Enter base: 1 Unable to convert 'de' to base 1. Enter any number: de Enter base: 16 Converted unsigned long int = 222 Enter any number: 999999999999999999999999999 Enter base: 10 Converted unsigned long int = 4294967295 Enter any number: -99999999999999999999999999 Enter base: 10 Converted unsigned long int = 1 Enter any number: 0 Enter base: 0 Converted unsigned long int = 0 Enter any number: de Enter base: 10 Unable to convert 'de' to base 10.

Happy coding ðŸ˜‰

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