Write a C program to input binary number from user and convert to octal number system. How to convert from binary number system to octal number system in C. Logic to convert binary to octal number system in C programming.

**Example**

**Input**

Input binary number: 00110111

**Output**

Octal number: 67

## Required knowledge

Basic C programming, If statement, For loop, While loop, Nested loop

### Binary Number System

Binary number system is a base 2 number system. Binary number system uses only 2 symbols to represent all its numbers i.e. 0 and 1.

### Octal Number System

Octal number system is a base 8 number system. Octal number system uses 8 symbols to represent all its numbers i.e. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

## Logic to convert Binary to Octal number system

To make things simple and sound, I have divided the logic in two easy steps.

- Group all binary bits to 3 digits starting from right side.
- Write corresponding octal value for each grouped binary value.

### Binary to octal conversion table

Binary | Octal |
---|---|

000 | 0 |

001 | 1 |

010 | 2 |

011 | 3 |

100 | 4 |

101 | 5 |

110 | 6 |

111 | 7 |

Step by step logic to convert binary to octal number system.

- Input binary number from user. Store it in a variable say
`binary`. - Initialize a variable to store converted octal say
`octal = 0`

. - Find the last three digits of binary say
`digit = num % 1000`

. - Find the octal equivalent (using binary to octal table) of the three binary digits found above.
- Add octal value of binary found in above step to octal, by increasing the place value.
- Remove the last three digits of the binary number. Since they are processed, say
`binary = binary / 1000`

. - Increase the place value of octal by using
`place = place * 10`

. - Repeat step 3 to 7 till
`binary > 0`

.

## Program to convert Binary to Octal number system

```
/**
* C program to convert binary to octal number system
*/
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
int octalConstant[] = {0, 1, 10, 11, 100, 101, 110, 111};
long long binary, octal, tempBinary;
int digit, place, i;
octal = 0;
place= 1;
/* Input binary number from user */
printf("Enter any binary number: ");
scanf("%lld", &binary);
/* Copy original binary value to temp variable */
tempBinary = binary;
while(tempBinary != 0)
{
/* Extract last three digit of binary */
digit = tempBinary % 1000;
/* Find octal equivalent of 3 digit binary */
for(i=0; i<8; i++)
{
if(octalConstant[i] == digit)
{
/*
* Increase the place value of octal
* and add the previous octal value
*/
octal = (i * place) + octal;
break;
}
}
/* Remove the last three digit of binary */
tempBinary /= 1000;
/* Increase the place value */
place *= 10;
}
printf("Original binary number = %lld\n", binary);
printf("Octal number = %lld", octal);
return 0;
}
```

Output

Enter any binary number: 11001111 Original binary number = 11001111 Octal number = 317

Happy coding ðŸ˜‰

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