# C program to set nth bit of a number

Write a C program to input any number from user and set nth bit of the given number as 1. How to set nth bit of a given number using bitwise operator in C programming. Setting nth bit of a given number using bitwise operator.

Example

Input

```Input number: 12
Input nth bit to set: 0
```

Output

```Number after setting nth bit: 13 in decimal
```

Also read – Program to get nth bit of a number

## Logic to set nth bit of a number

We use bitwise OR `|` operator to set any bit of a number. Bitwise OR operator evaluate each bit of the resultant value to 1 if any of the operand corresponding bit is 1.

Step by step descriptive logic to set nth bit of a number.

1. Input number from user. Store it in some variable say num.
2. Input bit position you want to set. Store it in some variable say n.
3. To set a particular bit of number. Left shift 1 n times and perform bitwise OR operation with num. Which is `newNum = (1 << n) | num;`.

## Program to set nth bit of a number

``````/**
* C program to set the nth bit of a number
*/

#include <stdio.h>

int main()
{
int num, n, newNum;

/* Input number from user */
printf("Enter any number: ");
scanf("%d", &num);

/* Input bit position you want to set */
printf("Enter nth bit to set (0-31): ");
scanf("%d", &n);

/* Left shift 1, n times and perform bitwise OR with num */
newNum = (1 << n) | num;

printf("Bit set successfully.\n\n");
printf("Number before setting %d bit: %d (in decimal)\n", n, num);
printf("Number after setting %d bit: %d (in decimal)\n", n, newNum);

return 0;
}``````

Output

```Enter any number: 12
Enter nth bit to set (0-31): 0
Bit set successfully.

Number before setting 0 bit: 12 (in decimal)
Number after setting 0 bit: 13 (in decimal)
```

Happy coding 😉