# C program to check whether a character is alphabet, digit or special character

Write a C program to input a character from user and check whether given character is alphabet, digit or special character using if else. How to check if a character is alphabet, digits or any other special character using if else in C programming. Logic to check alphabet, digit or special character in C programming.

Example
Input

`Input any character: 3`

Output

`3 is digit`

## Logic to check alphabet, digit or special character

• A character is alphabet if it in between a-z or A-Z.
• A character is digit if it is in between 0-9.
• A character is special symbol character if it neither alphabet nor digit.

Step by step descriptive logic to check alphabet, digit or special character.

1. Input a character from user. Store it in some variable say ch.
2. First check if character is alphabet or not. A character is alphabet `if((ch >= 'a' && ch <= 'z') || (ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z'))`.
3. Next, check condition for digits. A character is digit `if(ch >= '0' && ch <= '9')`.
4. Finally, if a character is neither alphabet nor digit, then character is a special character.

Let us implement the above logic in a C program.

## Program to check alphabet, digit or special character

``````/**
* C program to check alphabet, digit or special character
*/

#include <stdio.h>

int main()
{
char ch;

/* Input character from user */
printf("Enter any character: ");
scanf("%c", &ch);

/* Alphabet check */
if((ch >= 'a' && ch <= 'z') || (ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z'))
{
printf("'%c' is alphabet.", ch);
}
else if(ch >= '0' && ch <= '9')
{
printf("'%c' is digit.", ch);
}
else
{
printf("'%c' is special character.", ch);
}

return 0;
}``````

Note: You can also use ASCII character codes for checking alphabets, digits or special characters as shown in below program.

## Program to check alphabet, digit or special character using ASCII value

``````/**
* C program to check alphabet, digit or special character using ASCII value
*/

#include <stdio.h>

int main()
{
char ch;

/* Input a character from user */
printf("Enter any character: ");
scanf("%c", &ch);

if((ch >= 97 && ch <= 122) || (ch >= 65 && ch <= 90))
{
printf("'%c' is alphabet.", ch);
}
else if(ch >= 48 && ch <= 57)
{
printf("'%c' is digit.", ch);
}
else
{
printf("'%c' is special character.", ch);
}

return 0;
}``````

Output

```Enter any character: a
'a' is alphabet.```

Happy coding ðŸ˜‰